By 2030, African cities will have grown by more than 350 million people. More than half of the continent's population will be residing in urban areas. While mostly unplanned urban growth continues, segregation and urban inequality are visible in most African megacities. The emerging challenges of urban inequality demand new policies and better data for decision-making. New artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are now available to make up-to-date data available to policymakers. Pulse Lab Kampala, a lab of the UN Global Pulse network, is working with the Uganda Bureau of Statistics to deploy AI technologies to monitor trends in the growth of slums in the city.