Reducing inequalities is often essential for building peaceful, inclusive and resilient societies. All along the conflict cycle, countries remain fragile. Inequalities are often linked to the root causes of conflict and fragility. Reconstruction, recovery and rehabilitation impact therefore all dimensions of resilience, including social and economic resilience.
The resilience of a country is not only its ability to withstand and recover from external shocks, but also the adaptability of states, societies, communities and individuals to progress towards sustainable development in spite of a number of pressures, depending on structural issues, coming from the economic, social, political and environmental dimensions. Evidence shows that inequality erodes trust in public institutions. It can hurt society, stifling mobility, undermining job and livelihood prospects for vulnerable groups, and creating social unrest.
Inclusive institutions support stronger states and trust in the same. They also contribute to societal and household resilience. People need to see that their system is transparent, accountable and democratic. Strengthening legitimate institutions and good governance to provide citizen security, participation, inclusion, justice, livelihoods, jobs and sustainable and equitable management of natural resources, can be crucial to break cycles of violence and rebuild societies.