Mobility and inequalities

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Today there are over 258 million international migrants around the world living outside their country of birth. This number is expected to increase for reasons such as global population growth, increased connectivity, rising inequality, limited employment opportunities and climate change. Well-managed migration can bring significant positive benefits for the development of countries of destination and origin, and for the migrants themselves and their families. 

However, when poorly regulated, migration can create significant challenges and negative effects on migrants, but also on countries of origin, transit and destination. In order to seize the opportunities of migration, while minimizing any negative impact, cooperation at international level is required, as no country can address migration on its own. Forced displacement is also on the increase: in 2017, there were 68 million people forced from their home, including 40 million internally displaced people. 

Mirroring the UN 2030 Agenda, the European Consensus on Development reiterates the potential benefits of well-managed migration for inclusive growth and sustainable development, while recognizing its many challenges. So which policies can address the growing global mobility so that everyone benefits? How can we facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, making sure we leave no one behind?